By Laura Skelton, Wired EditorThe black sea creatures known as the sea monsters are back in their natural habitat, but scientists don’t know why they’re back, nor how to kill them.
This week, they are going to find out.
A new paper published by researchers at the Australian National University (ANU) sheds light on why the creatures are back.
Their habitat has been changed, too, and their ability to move and feed on food has been significantly reduced.
The sea creatures, called black sea molluscs, are no longer found in their native waters of the Southern Ocean.
The paper’s lead author, Mark Hamermesh, said black sea minnows have become extinct in the Southern Pacific.
“We’ve never seen anything like this before in the animal kingdom,” he told the Sydney Morning Herald.
Black sea minnow is an apex predator of the ocean and its habitat has changed.
These mollusc species have adapted to life in the salt water, and have adapted quickly.
They can feed on plankton, coral, crustaceans, shrimp, fish and squid.
They can also eat other animals, including sea turtles and whales.
Hamermash told the ABC that the new research suggested that the sea creatures had to change their lifestyle.
“They’ve got to go on their diet now, they’re not able to eat any other invertebrates, so that’s one thing they’ve got that has to change,” he said.
A new species of sea creature known as black sea sea molls is back in its native waters.
Photo: ABC Black sea moles are small, brown to white in colour, and live in the water column of the Atlantic Ocean.
They eat small, invertebrate-like invertebras like snails and worms.
They are the smallest of the sea mole species, with a maximum size of about a millimetre.
Black sea molts are a relatively new species.
The only known record of their presence in the world is in the fossilised remains of a small animal, which was found on a beach in the Philippines.
Scientists believe the creature was a mollusk, which is what the creature is known as.
It has a very long neck and has three long, flat, pointed teeth.
The molls have a similar body plan to squid and other sea creatures.
The discovery of a black sea monster is another reminder of the changes happening to marine ecosystems.
Researchers in the United States and the UK have found signs that climate change is affecting the marine environment, and are working to find ways to mitigate the effects of rising sea levels.
An estimated 200,000 to 250,000 black sea mussels are believed to exist in the Atlantic.
They feed on crustacean larvae, such as fish, and can eat up to 10 tonnes of food a day.
Scientists have also been trying to find a solution to the problem of black sea snail populations.
They have been searching for ways to kill the creatures, which can live up to 150 years.
The sea molt is not a common species in Australia, but has been found on the Pacific Islands of New Zealand and Papua New Guinea.
Black seas molluses live in salt water.
Photo by Mark Hameleh.
Black molliids are the most common sea animal on the planet, with around 80 million species of mollingus found worldwide.
They live in freshwater environments and can be found in every ocean on the Earth.
Black sea minns are one of the smallest sea creatures in the ocean.
Hamermaesh said the sea animals were “a huge hit with people”.
“The first thing people are going out to find, and they find it pretty quickly, is that they’re really cute, so they’re very popular with children,” he added.
It’s been a long time since sea creatures were around, and the new findings could have major implications for the conservation of marine ecosystems around the world.
The Australian National Marine Park is home to around 70% of the world’s black sea life, and is considered one of Australia’s best places to discover the animals.
In the Northern Territory, black sea turtles have been found in the waters off Darwin and Darwin Beach.
Biodiversity hotspots around the country, such for blue-fin tuna, have also seen the black seas molls found in Australia.
Follow Laura on Twitter: @laura_skelton